What are Underfloor Electric Heating Systems?
Underfloor electric heating systems work to heat your floor by using radiation to transmit heat as opposed to convection, which is how the majority of heating systems work.
Convection is a process by which the air is heated even if the system isn't emitting air, as is the case with a radiator. The problem with convection based heating systems is that hot air rises. In buildings with high ceilings, the hot air ends up heating the rafters instead of the inhabitants.
In countries like Germany, Holland, and others where the winters are long and cold, underfloor radiant heating systems have been in vogue since the 1950s. These systems are becoming increasingly popular in the United Kingdom and elsewhere, given that they are far more energy efficient.
There are different styles of radiant floor heating systems too, but in each case, the basic functional concept is the same: radiant heat is spread out evenly over a floor space. Picture comforting warmth spreading out like water. In fact, there are hot water based underfloor heating systems. There are other systems that make use of infrared light to generate heat too.
However, in the majority of cases, electric systems are the best option and most cost effective option, especially in smaller spaces such as bathrooms and bedrooms, as they can be installed without raising the level of the floor. Electric systems for underfloor heating work by passing electric current pass through highly resistant thin wires that are strategically laid out throughout the floor space.
The Products You Need
Electric systems for underfloor heating are bespoke items that need to be installed by a certified electrician. The system requires to be connected to a thermostat, and the new generation of smart thermostats help homeowners regulate the output and save a lot of money. In most cases, fluoropolymer is used to sheath the electrical wiring, and additional materials may be needed for insulation and framing.